Acquired autism is a neurological disorder characterized by delays in language, social and behavioral development in a child. What are its symptoms and types? How is it diagnosed?Acquired autism is a type of autism characterized by a sudden loss of speech and social skills, typically after a child grows.
It is also called regressive autism or regressive autism.
The signs and symptoms of acquired autism most often appear between the ages of 15 and 30 months.
Symptoms and signs of acquired autism
Some children lose social development, others lose language ability, and some may lose both.
Among the early signs of acquired autism:
- Avoid eye contact.
- Desire to be alone.
- The inability to understand other people’s feelings.
- Failure to respond when calling them by their names.
- Repeating words and phrases that they hear from others.
- Flapping hands, spinning continuously, and shaking the body.
- He refused to change the routine.
- Unusual reactions such as hypersensitivity or hypersensitivity to sounds and smells.
Subtypes of Acquired Autism
Acquired autism is divided into several subtypes and further classified as the etiology of acquired autism, namely:
1. Language / autistic regression
The causes of autism are unknown, with 20-35% of parents reporting symptoms in their children between the ages of 15 months and 30 months.
Epileptic seizures play a role in the development of this type of autism.
2. Childhood disintegrative Disorder
It is a rare occurrence of a linguistic and intellectual decline in a child, and a motor regression of all body functions does not occur.
It usually appears between the ages of 2 and 10 years, and the causes of this autism are not known.
Children with acquired autism lose their fully acquired skills in 2 of the following job areas between the ages of 2 and 10:
- Language reception skills (listening and understanding).
- Expressive language skills (ability to produce speech).
- Social and self-care skills.
- Bowel and bladder control.
- Playing skills.
- Driving skills.
Ignoring treatment also makes symptoms worse.Volume 0%
3. Rett Syndrome
Rett syndrome is a rare inherited neurological disorder that most commonly occurs in girls between the ages of 6 months and 18 months. It affects the ability to speak, walk, breathe and eat.
Rett syndrome results in stunted growth and progress, so that the head growth stops, and the sufferer is characterized by frequent hand movements and other neurological symptoms.
1 in 10,000 births occurs and is caused by a genetic mutation on the MECP2 gene.
4. Malignant Epilepsies
West syndrome, Lennox-Gesture-Syndrome and slow wave elevation in the EEG are the most predictive symptoms of acquired autism, as sufferers have both genetic and acquired causes for the occurrence of acquired autism.
And early diagnosis helps in treatment.
Acute infectious diseases, chronic, immune, metabolic, or toxic diseases that affect limbic circuitry lead to acquired autism.
6. Psychosis and drug intoxication
Psychosis or drug intoxication interferes with acquired autism.
The social withdrawal that occurs with psychosis can be diagnosed with acquired autism.
7. Cerebellar surgery
Removal of mid- cerebellar tumors results in transient autism traits.
Diagnosis of acquired autism
Diagnosis of acquired autism depends on observing the child’s behavior, how he interacts with others, reviewing and evaluating the child’s development history, and conducting an interview with the parents.
Doctors measure strengths and weaknesses in the areas of movement, communication and thinking.
Methods of treating acquired autism
Experts recommend conducting behavioral and educational therapy for children with autism. Treatment methods include the following:
- Behavioral analysis.
- Speech therapy .
- Sensory therapy.
- Auditory therapy.
- Developing social relationships.
- Drug therapy.